MD in Ayurveda Kayachikitsa and Board Certification
The System of Ayurveda Medical education in Sri Lanka commenced in June 1929 with the establishment of the Swadesheeya Vaidya Vidyalaya, which became the Institute of Indigenous Medicine (IIM) in 1977, when the University of Ceylon was established and later it was absorbed to the University of Colombo in 1980. No postgraduate medical examinations were conducted by the IIM until the establishment of Postgraduate Section. The Postgraduate Section was formed more than two decades ago at IIM and number of MPhil and Postgraduate Diplomas have been awarded. There was no structured and organized postgraduate training in MD (Ayu) to award clinical postgraduate degrees in Sri Lanka of any kind to benchmark in this field. The Ayurveda medical officers from the department of health and lecturers from universities had to undergo training in India in order to obtain specialist clinical training with MD. Therefore, the conduct of a Postgraduate degree course in MD (Ayu) in Sri Lanka became decisive. The Board of Management of the IIM, University of Colombo and University Grants Commission recommended commencing and conducting a MD (Ayu) programme in 2012. The postgraduate training in specialties of Ayurveda Medicine done in India was taken in to consideration when arriving at the above decision. Accordingly, postgraduate degree course of MD (Ayu) commenced in 2012 at the IIM. However, the UGC and Ministry of Health and Indigenous Medicine with the concurrence of Cabinet of Ministers made a policy decision to establish the PGIIM to provide specialists to Ministry of Health that fulfils the stipulated requirements in the Special Gazette notification number 1882/50 dated 3rd October 2014. Accordingly, the establishment of the PGIIM was gazetted in July 2017 and the Ordinance was gazetted in December 2017. In doing so the lessons, experiences and knowledge acquired in the establishment of the Postgraduate Institute of Medicine (PGIM) in 1980, the equivalent in western medicine to PGIIM were discussed and modified. The academic matters of the Programme are determined by the BOS and SpB, in concurrence with the relevant units of the PGIIM and University. It has representations from Ayurveda Institutes of Universities, Ministry of Health Nutrition and Indigenous Medicine, Department of Ayurveda and Bandaranaike Memorial Ayurveda Research Institute. The training is conducted in training units in Ayurveda Teaching Hospitals of the Ministry of Health Nutrition and Indigenous Medicine and training units in the state sector recognized for this purpose by the Senate on the recommendation of Board of Management (BOM)/Board of Study (BOS)/Specialty Board ((SpB). The PGIIM is therefore in an ideal position to provide this programme for the whole nation, in terms of its access to expertise and facilities, and its inclusivity and representativeness, which have evolved and developed over the past decades.